Why You Should Stop Trying to Multitask

Singaporeans, like many other people around the world, like to be on their phones while walking. The dangerous part is, we do it all the time. Even while crossing the road! Multitasking doesn’t only spell dangers for us in the forms of accidents, it can also affect our mental well-being.

1. We’re not made to multitask

Our mind simply cannot focus on more than one task. Many people seem to think that they are great multitaskers, but as much as they take pride in this, it’s simply just an illusion. In fact, a study by the University of Utah showed that those who tend to do a single thing at a time scored better on an actual multi-tasking test because they were able to focus on the task they were given.

2. You make more mistakes

When we juggle between doing multiple tasks, it becomes normal to make more mistakes. This is simply because our brain becomes divided with doing too many different things at once. When this happens, the information that we process overlap with other information in another thing that we’re doing, leading to us making more errors. 

3. It slows you down

Now in connection to what was said earlier, you slow down because you now have more mistakes to fix. Even without taking the mistakes into account, it might take you longer to finish two projects when you’re switching back and forth between them compared to separately focusing on each one.

4. It dulls creativity

When we use our attention on too many things at one time, we exhaust our working memory.  Our working memory, in simple terms, holds the temporary information that we use to finish a task. If our working memory is spent, our brain doesn’t have time to “sit back” and put information together. This, as a result, dulls our capabilities to think creatively.  

5. Increase anxiety and stress

When we multitask, our body and mind gets stuck in high alert mode. When we’re doing a lot of things at once, making even just one mistake can snowball into bigger problems and giving us more stress. Especially if we’re chasing the clock, we get anxious and stressed out when things don’t go the right way. And most of the time the reason things don’t go right is brought about by our multitasking.

6. It can affect memory

You may think that multitasking helps you handle your work in the present, but as you get older, things won’t be the same. When we stop doing something and immediately shift our focus to another, it can mess up our short-term memory. Think about walking while looking at your phone, for example. You’re obviously going to miss critical information about your surroundings while you’re on your phone.

4 Easy Steps to Make Chocolate at Home

Chocolate: it’s healthy, it’s delicious, and it’s versatile in so many ways. You can eat it for an afternoon snack yourself, include it as filling in pastry, or add with other types of other confectioneries or even fruit for an extra-sweet treat.

All things chocolate come from the cacao tree’s fruit, which is a pod shaped like a football. Inside this pod are cacao seeds, which are much more valuable than the fruit itself.

Chocolate is also surprisingly easy to make at home, without the need for any fancy kitchen tools or equipment. All you need are the following ingredients:

  • Cocoa powder (2 tablespoons)
  • Sugar (1/2 cup)
  • Flour (1/4 cup)
  • Water (1 cup)
  • Butter (3/4 cup)
  • Milk (2/3 cup)
  • Powdered sugar (1/4 cup)

Once you have your ingredients, you’re set to makeyour own chocolate!

Instructions on Making Home-Made Chocolate

1. Mix the cocoa powder and butter in a processor (or do it manually in a container) until the resulting mixture reaches a paste-like consistency. Once done, add ¼ cup of water to a pan. Place the bowl on top of the water.

2. Place the mixture in the bowl and heat the water. Once the mixture reaches your desired temperature, remove the bowl from the pan and mix it again until it smoothens.  

3. Add sugar, flour, and milk to the cocoa-powder-and-butter mixture and continue to mix to ensure that lumps or air pockets do not form. (Make sure that the milk is at room temperature when you do this.)

4. Once the mixture appears smooth and uniform, pourthe mix into molds and place them in the fridge to harden for about thirtyminutes. Ta-da! You now have your very own batch of home-made chocolate.

What Goes With Chocolate

While chocolate is quite amazing on its own, it works even better when paired with other types of foods that make for the perfect afternoon snack.

Here are a few things that you can do with chocolate for an added twist to your favorite sweet treat:

  • Fruit in chocolate ganache – Because fresh strawberries and bananas paired with chocolate is never boring. If you have a more daring palate, you can even experiment with other fruits such as cherries, grapes, and even pineapple chunks.
  • Chocolate-caramel slice – With caramel and nuts, you can take it one step further by layering them on top of one another and letting them bake in the oven. Pair it with your favorite warm drink, sit back, and relax.
  • Chocolate-chip cookies – Harden your chocolate batch back into chips and add them to your batch of cookie dough. You can even play around with your chocolate recipe to give your cookies an extra kick.

What Makes a Superfood So Super?

You may have heard of news stories referring to the benefits that these foods provide to your body on the Internet, and more and more foods are being added to the list of these supposedly really healthy foods.

The term isn’t an official label, unlike what is classified as “organic” – any food can simply be given this classification of superfood.

What Superfoods Are

Superfoods are essentially food items that have a really high amount of nutrients, vitamins and/or minerals. They also contain other special properties, such as antioxidants, healthy fats, and special enzymes that lower the chances of different types of disorders and chronic diseases.

 Some examples of superfoods you probably already know about include fruits, vegetables, and honey. The first two are extremely high in antioxidants, fiber, and other nutrients that your body needs in order to stay healthy. In fact, most of the fruits and vegetables you regularly encounter and consume already fall in this category.        

The next category is honey: not only does it notexpire, but it also has a high amount of antioxidants. The only downside tohoney is that it contains very little water, is highly acidic, and comes inmany different varieties, brands, and concentrations.

What Superfoods Aren’t

Superfoods, as much as they have their health benefits, they are not meant to be consumed alone. The same can be said for their nutrient content and value as they need to work in conjunction with other chemicals, nutrients, and enzymes in order for your body to use them effectively.

Superfoods should also not be substituted for a healthy and balanced diet, as well as a shift towards a healthier lifestyle. No matter how much of one type of superfood you consume, it would still not be enough to balance an unhealthy lifestyle or a diet that’s rich in unhealthy fat and high sodium content.

A healthy diet and lifestyle, along with lots ofwater, exercise, and rest, is what you really need to not just get in shape butalso to live longer. In fact, most dieticians would prefer to discuss “superdiets” instead of superfoods.

 

Should You Buy Them Anyway?

Ultimately, the answer on whether you should buy superfoods depends on whether you actually want to. The nutrients that they advertise are already found in existing healthy foods and even certain dietary supplements, from black raspberries, tomatoes, and broccoli, to walnuts, garlic, and even lentils and black pepper.

Hundreds of studies already show that certain foods that are high in vitamins, minerals, and other types of nutrients can help the body protect and repair itself, from replenishing damaged cells to preventing the formation of cancer cells and tumors.

5 Helpful Acrylic Painting Tips for Beginners

Acrylic is great for beginners for a lot of things. It’s cheap, water-soluble, and dries quickly, which makes it easier to handle than oil paints. These qualities also make it the most forgiving medium compared to others.

Here are five crucial tips for anyone looking to get into acrylic painting:

1. Don’t worry too much about the brushes.
When it comes to this medium, there’s no need to go overboard on expensive brushes. You can simply start with cheap brushes you can get anywhere and work your way towards a collection of them that you’re comfortable using.
This is because the drawback is with the paints themselves. Student-grade is fine to start with if you’re on a budget, but if you want a higher pigment level, artist-grade paints are the way to go.

2. Create families of colors.
You need to be precise when mixing paints to get the exact hue that you want, so having a good knowledge of the color wheel is a must for any beginning painter.

Different amounts of the primary colors mixed together gives different secondary colors and browns. For instance, red and yellow results in different hues of orange, and by adding a small amount of green in the mix, you get a wide range of brown and burnt umbers.

3. Paint in blocks of color.
One quality that makes acrylic painting forgiving for beginning painters also makes it a challenge to work with – and this said quality is its fast drying time.

You’ll have to work fast to get any textures or fix any mistakes that you’ve made on the canvas before the acrylic dries on the canvas. However, you can make painting much easier by starting with the largest blocks of color first before working towards the finer details.

4. Bring a water mister for outdoor painting.
Acrylics can dry out a little too quickly, so if you plan on painting using this medium outdoors, be sure to bring a lot a water mister and give your layers a light spray to keep slow down their drying time a little bit.
However, be careful when using water, as too much will make the paints too runny and feel more like watercolor instead. Paint under a shaded area as much as possible.

5. Always prime with gesso!
Whether you’re starting out your paintings on canvas or hardwood boards, what’s important is that you prime them before proceeding with your underpainting.

Acrylics are primed with acrylic gesso (not to be confused with traditional gesso), a type of white paint containing latex that provides a smoother, surface that’s resistant to leaching, which lets you push the paint around better.

(Disclaimer: this list is compiled in no particular order.)

4 Helpful Oil Painting Tips for Beginners

Oil painting has been around for a long time, and continues to be a popular medium because of its qualities, such as versatility and color.

While it seems easier to get started on oils rather than acrylics, the drawback is that the solvents you will be using are toxic. Oil paintings also take hours to dry and can be smudged easily if you’re not careful.
Here are a few helpful tips for beginners in oil painting:

1. Invest in high-grade paints and brushes.
This is where the difference between oil paint and acrylic starts. With oils, paintbrushes can be just as expensive as the paints themselves, and you will also need to shell out more for solvents and oils (linseed oil, safflower oil, etc.).

Oil paints also take a while to dry and can be pretty messy, which is all the more reason why you should take care of your brushes. Wipe them off with a rag after cleaning them off with turpentine or solvent.

2. Start small.
If you’re starting out with the medium, it’s usually a good idea to start with smaller paintings and sketches, and work your way through bigger canvases.

This serves a lot of purposes. When you’re only starting out, you need to develop your eye for color, composition, and your own sense of style. This is best done with a smaller painting as opposed to larger ones, which can be easily intimidating.

Smaller paintings are also cheaper to do since they require smaller canvases and use less paint, which means you can allow yourself to make mistakes and learn more as you improve.

3. Your workspace matters.
Being able to paint well also depends on the space you paint in. When you paint in oils, be sure to set up somewhere well ventilated (oil solvents and thinners can be toxic if you’re not careful) and well-lit, and with enough room for you to keep your paintings visible.

Organizing your workspace also keeps everything you need in one place and makes you want to paint more often. If you do, you’ll notice that your art will improve more rapidly.

4. Paint order is key!
Always start by priming your painting surface with gesso! This prevents the oil from seeping into the surface and lets your paint slide more easily.

Once your painting is primed, prepare a limited color palette (no need to use all colors at once – start with a painting of only one hue and its different shades) and start with an underpainting that consists of a color and an odorless turpentine substitute.

Use thinner paint and less oil in your first layers, and move to a greater ratio of oil to turpentine as you add layers and details in your details.

(Disclaimer: this list is compiled in no particular order.)

Nails vs. Screws: What’s Their Difference and Which One Do You Need?

Nails and screws are the most popular fasteners carpenters use in their projects, but because they’re used in really similar ways, it can be hard to determine which type of fastener should be used for which project.

So which one is more suited for your needs? To find out more, it’s important to know the difference between nails and screws, as well as how they’re used.

Nails
Most nails tend to be made of mild steel, but you can also find nails made from all kinds of aluminum and brass.
Nails have been used for all kinds of construction and woodworking projects for a long time. They’re generally used for most projects since they’re easy to use and work with, and they save time in the process.

However, the drawback for them is that they don’t work well alone, and in some cases, even need the use of adhesives in order to really fasten the two pieces of wood together.

Nails come in different sizes and shapes to suit different purposes, such as the following:

• Common nail – Your everyday nails used for rough, construction work.
• Box nail – Thinner than common nails, which are less likely to cause wood splitting at the cost of structural strength.
• Finishing nail – Used for finishing work since their barrel-shaped heads can be driven below the wood’s surface.
• Casing nail – Casing nails are slightly bigger than finishing nails, and are used for attaching window and door casings.

Screws
Screws are usually made from brass and stainless steel. They are best used for furniture that will separate from top to bottom, and are great for working with plywood and MDF boards because of their holding strength. They are also better suited for projects that are more than six of seven feet in length, such as tables and chairs.

These are the different types of screws used in carpentry projects:

• Drive screw – They can have smooth, round, or mushroom-shaped heads, but have a shorter shank compared to other types of screws.
• Masonry screw – These screws have a blue coating and are inserted to pilot holes in masonry projects.
• Wood screw – Used to attach wood pieces together, which is explains the partially-unthreaded shank.
• Concrete screw – For fastening materials to concrete, these screws are made of stainless or carbon steel.

Conclusion
Nails tend to be used for exterior projects, so if you plan on doing indoor work, you might benefit better from using screws.

This is because while nails have a better shear strength compared to screws, screws have better tensile strength. The former refers to the resistance to perpendicular stress, while the latter refers to its resistance to opposing forces pulling against each other.

So the next time you walk into a hardware store anywhere in Singapore, don’t feel intimidated by the countless little bins of shelves housing thousands of screws, nails, and bolts.

How to Find the Best Light Bulbs for Your Home in 4 Easy Steps

Lighting may not seem like it, but it’s such an important aspect of modern life that when you get it wrong, it can give the wrong atmosphere and ambiance that will make your condo or HDB flat in Singapore feel uncomfortable and not a great place to relax in.

In fact, the wrong type of lighting can even throw you off when you’re trying to concentrate or read at night, and damage your eyes in the process.

But the good news is that you can avoid that mistake. Here’s how you can choose the best light bulbs for any area in your home:

1. Consider brightness and color.
While you can’t simply choose any old light bulb, this should be the first thing to keep in mind when looking to find the best lighting any area in your home.

Brightness and color can be broken up into a few criteria:

• Watts and lumens – This refers to the brightness in your desired area. The higher the wattage of your light bulb, the higher the lumens, and the brighter the light will be.
Keep in mind that watts is great for old, incandescent light bulbs, while lumens are used for more modern LED bulbs.

• Kelvin – This is used as a guideline for the color scale of the light emitted by the bulb. A lower kelvin number indicates warmer colors closer to orange and yellow, while a higher number indicates that the light is more bluish in color.

• Color rendering index (CRI) – Light bulbs tend to be given a CRI score, which measures how the light source accurately represents different colors. Lower CRI bulbs are great for most lighting needs, but for illuminating things such as paintings and work surfaces, higher CRI bulbs are the way to go.

2. Consider the right fitting.
When out shopping for new light bulbs, be sure to bring your old one to give a good idea on the type of fitting that you need. It also helps to write down the fitting reference number and compare it with the different bulbs.

3. Find the right bulb shape.
Just as there are many fittings and colors for light bulbs, there are also many shapes that can influence how the light will spread across any given area in your home.

The most common ones include spirals, candles, sticks, and even golf-shaped bulbs, but you will also find downlight-shapes and bulbs that have the traditional shape.

4. Don’t mind the initial cost of LED lights.
While modern LED bulbs seem expensive at first, keep in mind that they have a lower wattage requirement and will last you longer than other types of bulbs in the long run, such as compact fluorescent lamps (CFL’s) or halogen bulbs.

(Disclaimer: this list is compiled in no particular order.)

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